Plate 1.

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Plate 1.

Plate 1.

Plate 1.

Lines. All the Ordinaries and Subordinaries are subject to the accidental forms of Lines, e.g., P. 3, 6, 12, 13, 14, etc.

Points of the Escutcheon. Parts of the Shield denoting the position of the Charges.

Lines.

Colours. Are divided into three classes, viz.: Metals, Colours, and Furs. See Tinctures.

Metals

Or, Represented in engraving by Dots

Argent. Left quite plain

Colours

Gules
Represented in engraving by perpendicular lines.
Azure
Represented in engraving by horizontal lines.
Vert
Represented in engraving by diagonal lines from dexter to sinister.
Purpure
Represented in engraving by diagonal lines from sinister to dexter.
Sable
Represented in engraving by horizontal and perpendicular lines crossing each other.
Tenne
Represented in engraving by diagonal lines from sinister to dexter crossed by horizontal lines.
Sanguine
Represented in engraving by diagonal lines from dexter to sinister crossing each other.

The following paradigm will explain how some authors blazon Arms of Sovereigns by Planets, of Peers by Precious Stones, etc.

It was the adoption of such pedantries as this by the old writers that tended to make Heraldry repulsive and unintelligible to the modern apprehension.

The only recognised way now is to blazon all by the terms given under Metals, Colours, and Furs.

The planet symbols in the 5th column may not render correctly in older browsers.

Or Gold Yellow Sol Leo Topaz
Argent Silver White Luna Cancer Pearl
Gules Iron Red Mars Aries Ruby
Azure Tin Blue Jupiter Taurus Sapphire
Vert Copper Green Venus Gemini Emerald
Purpure Quick Silver Purple Mercury Sagittarius Amethyst
Sable Lead Black Saturn Capricorn Diamond
Tenne   Orange Dragon's Head   Jacynth & Hyacinth
Sanguine   Murry Dragon's Tail   Sardonyx

Furs

Ermine.
a white field with black spots
Erminois.
a gold field with black spots
Ermines.
black field with white spots
Pean
black field with gold spots
Vair.
white and blue, represented by figures of small escutcheons ranged in lines so that the base argent is opposite to the base azure
Counter Vair.
the same as Vair only the figures are placed base against base and point against point
Vair in Point.
the figures standing exactly one upon another flat upon flat
Vaire.
when the figures forming the Vair are of more than two tinctures
Vaire Ancient.
represented by lines nebulee separated by straight lines
Potent.
resembles the head of crutches placed head to head
Potent counter potent.
also termed Varry cuppa, and Cuppa, same as the last placed foot to head

Gutte, a drop (gutta)

Gutte d'or
Drops of Gold.
Gutte d'eau
Drops of Water.
Gutte de poix
Drops of Pitch.
Gutte de sang
Drops of Blood.
Gutte de larmes
Drops of Tears.
Gutte d' olive
Drops of of Oil.

Roundels

Roundle or.
is termed a Bezant.
Roundle ar.
is termed a Plate.
Roundle gu.
is termed a Torteaux.
Roundle az.
is termed a Hurt.
Roundle sa.
is termed a Pellet.
Roundle vert.
is termed a Pome or Pomme.
Roundle sanguine.
is termed a Guze.
Roundle tenne.
is termed an Orange.
Roundle purpure.
is termed a Golpe.
Roundle barry wavy ar. az.
is termed a Fountain.
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