Orientation of Charges
This section contains thumbnail images of most of the ways of changing the orientation of charges. Most charges have a default orientation - i.e. they normally face in a set direction and have a defined "upright" position. This can be changed by using the following modifiers after the charge. They can be used in combination also. The charges "axe" and "salmon" are also shown with no modifiers to allow comparison with their modified orientation.
Although orientation may seem to the same concept as arrangement, it is different because you can combine both orientation and arrangement, for example charges may be fesswise in pale (orientated in a particular arrangement), and this is different from in pale on its own.
Orientation of Ordinaries
With ordinaries, the only modifiers for orientation that can be used are reversed and inverted; these are pretty interchangeable and usually mean "the other way around".
When charges are placed on an ordinary they will sometimes automatically have an orientation applied to better match them to the ordinary, for example birds are typically orientated bendwise sinister when placed on a bend. This can be over-ridden by specifying your own orientation.