§27. Cross patonce is certainly an ancient term, as it occurs in the Roll of Arms, temp. Hen. III. Its definite origin or exact meaning cannot be determined; but the primary idea seems to be that the arms should expand, as a cross pattée, and that they should be terminated more or less like a cross flory.
The cross figured in the margin is taken from the glass in Dorchester Church, which is not later than the early part of the fourteenth century, and may therefore be said to be contemporary with the man whose arms they represent, viz. William LATIMER, Lord of Corby, who sat in Parliament 1289-1305. But if we look at the blazon of the Latimer arms in the earlier rolls we find the cross described as a cross patée, though in later times as cross patonce.
William de VECEY, goules, a une croix patonce d'argent--Roll, temp. HEN. III.
Sire William de LATIMER, de goules, a un croys patee de or--Roll, temp. ED. II.
.... De Guilleme le LATIMIER. Portoit en rouge bien pourtraite. Ki la crois patée de or mier Roll of Siege of Caerlaverock, A.D. 1300.
Gules, a cross patonce or--LATIMER, Northamp.
Sable, a cross patonce argent, pierced plain of the field, between four escallops of the second--Richard FLETCHER, Bp. of Bristol, 1589; afterwards of Worcester, 1593; and then of London, 1595-96.
Azure, an eagle displayed ermine, on his breast a cross patonce of the field--HOWLEY, Bp. of London, 1813; Abp. of Cant. 1828-48.
Argent, a cross patonce voided and pomelled at the four ends gules--Monsire John MELTON Harl. MS. 1386, fo. 34.
Azure, two bars, and in chief a cross patonce or--HOLTE, Warwick.
Vert, a cross patonce or between four crosses pattee argent--Town of ABINGDON, Berks, granted 1623.
Argent, a cross patty flory sable; over all a bendlet gules--SWINNERTON, co. Salop.
Argent, two bars sable, over all a cross formy flory gules--BRERETON, co. Chester.
Or, a cross patty, and at each end flory gules--EVETT, co. Worcester.