Barnacle, or Barnacle goose, (old name Bernak); it is known now as the Cleg or Clark goose, perhaps the same as the Solan or Orkney goose; Anser bernicla is recognized by all naturalists.
Sire William BERNAK de argent a une fesse e iij bernaks de sable--Roll, temp. EDW. II.
Sable, a barnacle goose argent; Azure, three barnacles argent--BARNACLE.
Gules, a barnacle goose argent--BARNER.
Argent(?), a chevron ermines between three barnacle birds close proper--WYKE.
Barnacle or Horse-barnacle: generally spoken of as a Pair of barnacles, and in a roll of Henry III. called Breys, is supposed to represent at instrument used by farriers(fr. morailles) to curb unruly horses. It is occasionally borne extended, that is, horizontally.
With the French heralds this charge has caused much discussion. There broyes are borne by the family of BROYES(as well as by that of JOINVILLE and GOY), and have been supposed to be respectively architectural festoons, instruments for torture of criminals, hemp crushers, as well as the meaning given above.
Gules, a barnacle argent--WYATT, Kent.
Argent, three pair of barnacles, expanded in pale sable--BRAY, Cornwall.
Argent, four bars wavy azure on a chief gules, three pair of barnacles or--SMITH, Suffolk.
The most celebrated instance of the barnacle expanded is the coat of the illustrious French family of Joinville, or as the English called it, Geneville.
Geoffrey de GENEVILE d'azure, a trois breys d'or au cheif d'ermyne ung demy lion de goules--Roll temp. HEN. III.
Simon de GENEVILL a trois breys d'or, au chief d'argent ung demi-lion de goules--Ibid.