Chess-rook, (old fr. rok): the figure called 'rook' in the game of chess, from the Italian rocca, a tower or castle. The chess-rook is an ancient bearing, and of frequent occurrence. It is also in the arms of ZULEISTEIN termed a zule, and this is borne on an escutcheon surtout by the Earls of ROCHFORD.
Sire Richard de WALSINGHAM,--de goules a iij roks de argent--Roll, temp. ED. II.
Gules, three chess-rooks ermine--Simon le FITZ SYMON, Roll, temp. ED. I., Harl. MS. 6137.
Or, three chess-rooks gules--COLVILL.
Azure, a fesse between three chess-rooks or--BODENHAM, Hereford.
Gules, three zules argent; a label of three points of the last--ZULEISTEIN.
The charge is also borne by the families of MARSHALL, AOLUITE, OGILVIE, and ORROCK.