Horse, (fr. cheval): the horse does not occur in ancient rolls of arms, and less often than would be expected in modern coats. It is represented as standing(or upright), as trotting, as courant, or in full career(fr. galoppant, échappé), and as salient, or rearing(fr. acculé and cabré, also effaré): it may be saddled(fr. sellé), and bridled(fr. bridé); also the general terms for harnessed, and with trappings, are found in French bardé, houssé, and caparaçonné, while the French term gai is used when the horse is at liberty, without any harness whatever.
In English arms the horse is sometimes represented as spancelled, a term used when two of its legs are fettered to a log of wood. Very frequently only horses' heads are given. The term nag is sometimes used for a horse, and colt also appears as a charge. A horse is borne in the insignia of the House of Hanover, and is found blazoned as the White horse of Hanover.
Argent, a horse standing sable--BROMFALING.
Sable, a horse upright argent bridled or--CAVELL, Devon.
Argent, a horse passant sable bridled and saddled or--ROSTLINGS.
Argent, on a mount in base vert a horse trotting sable furnished gules; in chief a star of the third--TROTTER, Scotland.
Argent, a fesse between a horse courant in chief, and a water bouget in base sable--COULTHARD, co. Lancaster.
Gules, a horse[argent] in full career--House of HANOVER[ancient SAXONY].
Sable, a horse passant argent, spancelled in both legs on the near side gules--PERCIVAL, Hants.
Gules, three horse's heads couped argent bridled sable--HORSLEY, Bp. of S.David's, 1788; of Rochester, 1792; afterwards of S.Asaph, 1802-6.
Sable, three nag's heads erased argent--JONES, Bp. of S.Asaph, 1692-1703.
Gules, on a bend engrailed or, between two nag's heads erased argent, three fleurs-de-lys of the field; in chief a mullet for difference--PEPYS, Bp. of Sodor and Man, 1840; of Worcester, 1841-46.
Argent, a fesse between three nags passant sable--CULLIFORD, co. Dorset.
Gules, three colts courant argent, a fleur-de-lis or in the centre for difference--FRY.
Argent, a fesse azure between three colts in full speed sable--COLTE, Essex.
Sable, a fesse ermine between three colts passant argent--STAMP, co. Berks and Oxon.