Oak, (fr. chêne): this tree very frequently finds a place in arms, especially in those in which the bearer's name admits of a meaning connected with it. Sometimes the whole tree is borne, sometimes the branches, sometimes sprigs, slips, leaves, &c., sometimes the acorns, q.v., and more frequently the tree is fructed, i.e. with the acorns of a different tincture.
In one of the earliest rolls of arms the term kene occurs, which has been thought to be chêne, from the name of the bearer being ORSTEDE. In the same Roll fourché au kanee, in the arms borne by LEXINGTON, has been supposed to be forked like an oak branch. See Cross, §24.
Argent, on a mount an oak-tree all proper--FOREST.
Argent, on a mount in base an oak-tree fructed all proper--WOOD, Devon.
Rouland de OKSTEDE, ov ung Kene de goules--Roll, temp. HEN. III.
Argent, a three masted ship under sail in sea proper between three oak-trees eradicated and fructed of the last--DAROCH.
Argent, a greyhound courant gules in front of an oak-tre on a mount vert--LAMBERT, Norfolk,
Argent, the trunk of an oak-tree sprouting afresh sable--HERE.
Argent, out of a well gules an oak-tree growing vert--WELLWOOD, co. Fife.
Argent, a horse passant gules holding in the mouth an oak sprig vert, acorns or--ASHTON.
Azure, on a cross or an oaken ship vert--BRAYNE.
Argent, a lion passant gules; on a chief three oak sprigs bearing acorns proper--JOHNSON.
Argent, a chevron engrailed sable between three oak leaves vert--SMITHSON.
Argent, three oak leaves in pale all proper--MILFORD, co. Devon.
Argent, a bend, and in the sinister chief an oak leaf azure--COX, co. Salop.
Or, semy of oak leaves vert a lion rampant azure; on a canton gules a buglehorn stringed of the first--PATCH, Tiverton, co. Devon.
Argent, an oak branch with three[oak] apples proper--APPLOCK.
Argent, a sinister hand in base issuing out of a cloud fessways, holding an oaken baton paleways proper, with a branch sprouting out at the top thereof surmounted of a bend engrailed gules--AIKMAN, Carnie.
The holly-oak(fr. chêne rouvre) does not appear in English arms, but is sculptured on one of the pillars of the church at ROUVRAY, Burgundy, in the arms of that town. The oak often occurs as a wreath. (See under Chaplet, the civic Crown.)